What is Cashmere? Unveiling the World's Softest Fabric

The Luxurious Charm of Cashmere: More Than Just A Fabric

When we hear the word "cashmere," most of us instantly think of a luxurious, soft, and warm fabric that makes for some of the most comfortable and stylish garments. But what is Cashmere actually, and what makes it so unique?

What is cashmere, Cashmere made up of, World's softest fabric Cashmere

Origin of Cashmere

The cashmere story begins with the humble cashmere goat, or more specifically, with the soft, insulating undercoat these goats grow to protect themselves from the harsh winter weather. The name "cashmere" is an anglicized version of "Kashmir," a region in the Indian subcontinent where these goats were initially found. Nowadays, the largest cashmere producers are India, Mongolia, and Iran.

The Artisanal Journey: How Cashmere Is Made

Cashmere is made from the fine, soft undercoat of hair of the cashmere goat. These goats yield a dual-layered fleece comprised of a delicate, plush undercoat intermixed with a more rigid and considerably rougher external layer of hair known as guard hair. Making cashmere involves separating the soft fibers from the coarse ones, usually done by hand. The soft fibers are then spun into yarn and woven or knitted into clothing or other textile products.

The Production Process

Producing Cashmere is labor-intensive and time-consuming, partially explaining its high cost. Cashmere goats develop a dense and cozy undercoat during the cold winter months, which they naturally lose as spring arrives. This undercoat is harvested by gently brushing the goat or gathering the fibers they shed.

It is worth noting that a single goat produces only about 150 grams of this undercoat per year. We need an annual yield of 3 to 5 goats to create a single two-ply cashmere shawl.

What is cashmere, Cashmere made up of, World's softest fabric cashmere


After the undercoat is collected, it must be de-haired, a process where the soft undercoat is separated from the coarser outer hairs. Frequently, this procedure is carried out manually and necessitates a workforce with specialized skills. The resulting pure cashmere fiber is spun into yarn, dyed, and then knitted or woven into various products, from sweaters and scarves to blankets and socks.

The Appeal of Cashmere

What makes Cashmere worth all this effort? Its unique qualities place it in a class compared to other wools.

Softness: Cashmere is remarkably gentle, significantly surpassing the softness of conventional wool. This characteristic can be attributed to the delicate structure of the cashmere fibers, which are considerably finer than strands of human hair.

Warmth: Despite its lightweight, Cashmere has excellent insulating properties specially Cashmere scarf. It is three times more insulating than regular sheep wool, making it perfect for keeping warm in cold weather.

Durability and Longevity: Cashmere garments can last a lifetime if properly cared for. They are known to become even softer with age.

Luxury and Aesthetic Appeal: Beyond its physical qualities, Cashmere is also a symbol of elegance, luxury, and sophistication. It drapes beautifully, and its slight sheen gives it a visually appealing finish.

Responsible Cashmere

As the demand for Cashmere has grown, so too have concerns about its product's environmental and social impact. Overgrazing by cashmere goats has led to the degradation of pasture lands, particularly in Mongolia and India.

To counter this, several initiatives are promoting sustainable and ethical cashmere production. They aim to ensure that herders follow sustainable grazing practices and that the goats are treated humanely. Furthermore, they work towards ensuring fair wages and safe working conditions for those involved in cashmere production.


Cashmere is a remarkable fabric, prized for its softness, warmth, and enduring appeal. However, as consumers, it is essential to be mindful of our choices' impact and support initiatives that promote responsible cashmere production. In doing so, we can enjoy Cashmere's comfort and elegance while preserving the environment and supporting the communities that depend on this great fiber.